Delhi is the capital city of India and is regarded as the heart of the nation. The city is popular for its enriched culture and heritage. The city hosts some famous historical monuments and is developing with the passing of time.The influence of religious diversity can be seen in the city along with the cultural impact of the Mughal, the ancient Indian and the British. There are many beautiful gardens in the city, away from pollution and busy city life that provide opportunities to walk leisurely in the midst of greenery. The capital city is divided into two sections popularly known as Purani Dilli or Old Delhi and Nayi Dilli or New Delhi. Old Delhi is popular for its ancient culture and monuments along with its overcrowded gastronomical lanes.
Considered one of the country’s premier cultural institutions, the India International Centre is a non-government institution widely regarded as a place where statesmen, diplomats, policymakers, intellectuals, scientists, jurists, writers, artists and members of civil society meet to initiate the exchange of new ideas and knowledge in the spirit of international cooperation. Its purpose, stated in its charter, was ‘to promote understanding and amity between the different communities of the world’. In short, the Centre stands for a vision that looks at India as a place where it is possible to initiate dialogues in an atmosphere of amity and understanding.
The Centre’s dedication to the values of liberal humanism is best reflected in its activities and calendar of events. These cover a wide range, from lectures, seminars, panel discussions, international and national conferences to a variety of cultural events of music, cinema, performing and visual arts, both classical and folk. Entry to these is not restricted to members as all its programmes are open to the wider public of the city. Three core departments provide fitting platforms for its activities; the Programmes Division, the Library and the Publications Division.
The activities of each of these departments complement the work done by others. Moreover, none of these activities are commercial in nature but are carried out in the spirit of public service. The Centre is equally famous for its gracious hospitality, and its hostel rooms are in great demand as they provide comfortable and personalised service with modestly priced meals. Beautiful gardens, with shady trees and fountains, a bar, a tea lounge and several refreshment areas are popular venues for members to meet or entertain guests.
Delhi is the capital city of India and is regarded as the heart of the nation. The city is popular for its enriched culture and heritage. The city hosts some famous historical monuments and is developing with the passing of time.The influence of religious diversity can be seen in the city along with the cultural impact of the Mughal, the ancient Indian and the British. There are many beautiful gardens in the city, away from pollution and busy city life.
Red fort is one of the historic monuments located in Delhi. This monument gets its name from the red colored sandstone used for construction by the Mughals. This fort is located in the center of the city and was used as a ceremonial spot for the royals. Even today, the spot is used for political and national ceremonies. Red fort is not just about the outer beauty of the fortified wall. You can find many interesting attractions inside the fort like palaces, halls, museums and others.
Constructed in the 17th century, this monument is an attraction by itself. The fort covers 254 acres of land covering 2.4 km. The fort is octagonal in shape and many regions of the fort are decorated with marble works. Kohinoor diamond is said to be a part of the decoration. There are three gates to the fort. The royals used to enter into the fort via the Khizrabad Gate and it is now closed for public. The Lahore and Delhi gates are open to public. If you walk out of the Lahore gate, you can find a large shopping area, Chatta Chowk for souvenir shopping and window shopping. The shopping complex is famous for household objects, silk, jewelry and others.
The fort includes garden design and other architectural elements that indicate that a palace was planned to be built inside the fort. In 18th century, the fort was raided for looting precious artworks. Some of the apartments or buildings are in good condition and are open for tourists to explore.
Qutub Minar is a minaret located in the Qutab complex. It is a heritage site located in Delhi. Qutub Minar is a tapering tower, whichwas designed similar to the Minaret of Jam located in Western Afghanistan. The first floor of the tower was built in 12th century. The second, third and fourth floors were built in 13th century and the last floor was completed in 14th century. There were attempts to add a sixth storey to the tower, which failed. This is the victory tower of Mughal, which indicated the beginning of Muslim rule in India.
The tower has five tapering storeys. The lower three storeys are made of pale red sandstone, the fourth is made of marble and the fifth is made of marble and sandstone. Each storey has a balcony projecting out. The balcony is surrounded by exclusive artworks. At the foot of the monument, you can find a mosque, Quwwat-ul-Islam. This is the first mosque that was built in the country. The eastern gate of the mosque holds an inscription stating that the construction material used for building the mosque comes from demolition of several temples.
A long iron pillar stands in the courtyard. It is said that if one encircles the pillar with both hands (embrace the pillar), his wishes are fulfilled. Other significant features are inner and outer courtyard, graves, tombs, madrasa and others. The tourists are not allowed to climb up the tower, today.
Lotus Temple is a notable architectural marvel famous for its unique lotus structure. The temple has won several awards and recognitions for its style of building, the concept of religion and the beauty. It is one of the most visited monuments in the world. This is a modern style non-religion oriented temple.
The temple controls 27 marble petals that form clusters to look like lotus. There are nine openings to the temple in regards to the nine anatomical openings of a human body. Lotus temple preaches Baha I Faith, a concept that includes all religions of the world as one. A person of any religion or creed can visit the temple and take part in the rituals. No religious script is allowed inside the temple. No lectures, sermons or spiritual meetings are allowed inside the temple. Musical prayers are conducted by instruments from time to time.
The temple is open from Tuesday to Sunday. The temple is open from 9:30 am to 5:30 pm during the winter season (October to March). From April to September, the temple is open from 9:30 am to 7 pm. It does not take more than an hour to explore the whole complex.
India Gate is a war memorial, which was initially named as the All India War Memorial. This structure is situated Rajpath region of New Delhi. Do not confuse it with the Gateway of India, which is located in Mumbai. This structure stands as a memorial to more than 70,000 soldiers who died in the First World War and the third Anglo-Afghan war.
The gate holds inscription of 13,300 names of Indian soldiers, service men and UK officials. Later in 1971, a small structure made of black marble with a reversed rifle holding a war helmet on top was built under the arch. This structure is called Amar Jawan Jyoti. The gate is 42 meter tall standing on a basement made of Bharatpur red stone. A shallow dome is open on the top of the wall, whichwas used to light the gate with burning oil.
A few meters away from the gate, you can find a canopy, which was built, similar to the pavilion of Mahabalipuram. This canopy stands as a memory to King George V who ruled India in the past. A marble statue of the king in his royal robes and wearing the Imperial crown was inaugurated in the canopy and it was removed later.
Even though Delhi witnessed the driest September and rains remained the lowest during this month in last one decade, there was no compromise on the comfort level. According to data available with Skymet, September 2015 was the least discomforting in comparison to Septembers observed in last 5 years in the national capital city. High level of discomfort is usually experienced due to high intensity of humidity which is very common to September in Delhi. September is the least rainy month in the Monsoon season that extends from June to September. Usually hot and humid weather characterize September in Delhi where humidity goes as high as 90%.
Delhi has been witnessing a dry spell since 25th August and even after 14 days, weather in Delhi is dry with mainly clear sky. The maximum temperature is likely to hover around 36°C – 37°C with minimum temperature settling around 27°C. As Southwest Monsoon is likely to withdraw shortly from North India, weather in Delhi will remain hot and dry for next few days.
Usually Monsoon commences its withdrawal from North India from the second week of September due to which temperature rises. However, in absence of any significant weather system leading to rains, temperature rose in Delhi during the first week itself.
International Development Centre Foundation